What is the Pet Passport System in the UK?

The Pet Passport System in the UK

In the UK a pet would need a passport in order to be able to travel out of the country, to enter the UK or a different country that accepts pet passports and if your pet leaves the UK to visit a ‘listed or unlisted country’ and then travels back to the UK. Pet passports were introduced to make travelling with your pet easier than ever before! Having a pet passport also means your pet usually does not need to spend time in quarantine.

What is a pet passport?
A pet passport is an important document that details all the vaccinations and medical procedures your pet as had. It is a record of your pets health and evidence that your pet is in a fit enough condition to travel to and from the country.

Listed and Unlisted Countries
As previously mentioned, it is not just the UK that accepts pet passports but also:
1. Andorra
2. Azores and Madeira
3. Canary Islands
4. French Guiana
5. Gibraltar
6. Greenland and the Faroe Islands
7. Guadeloupe
8. Iceland
9. Liechtenstein
10. Martinique
11. Monaco
12. Norway
13. Reunion
14. San Marino
15. Switzerland
16. Vatican City
These countries along with ‘listed’ countries means travelling in and out of them with your pet passport is a lot easier. These countries include:
Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Ascension Island, Australia, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Bermuda, BES Islands (Bonair, Saint Eustatius and Saba), Bosnia-Herzegovina, British Virgin Islands, Canada, Cayman Islands, Chile, Curaçao, Falkland Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Hong Kong, Japan, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Montserrat, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Russian Federation, Saint Maarten, Singapore, St Helena, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Pierre and Miquelon, St Vincent and The Grenadines, Taiwan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Trinidad and Tobago, United Arab Emirates, USA (includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and the US virgin Islands), Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna. Travelling with pets in and out of ‘unlisted countries’ is usually more difficult and complicated. Make sure you check carefully the requirement of such countries if you are travelling to them.

How can I get my pet a passport?
Certain vets can issue pet passports, or they can give you advice on where else to get one. You can also contact the Animal and Plant Health Agency who will be able to direct you. You will pet will also need to be microchipped, if it is not already, for it to be eligible for a passport. In order to get the passport, you will have to take your pet, it’s identity and vaccination documents, medical records and rabies results to the vet.

What is the best time to get my pet a passport?
Time is key when sorting out your pet’s passport. Certain countries require specific vaccinations and therefore enough time needs to be allowed to have these done. Additionally, if travelling to a county not listed above your pet with need to have a rabies jab and a blood test which needs to be done at least 1 month after the first jab. You will then need to wait another 3 months before your pet can travel. Additionally, you will need to leave enough time for your pet’s passport to be issued, which can take longer at certain times of the year.

Also, it is best to leave yourself enough time to thoroughly check over your pet passport documents and that it contains the right information. The information required should include: details and description of your pet, details of the owner, current vaccination evidence, microchip number and details of your vet. Sometimes it is advised to take your pet’s previous passport if this contains prior tests. Your vet can advise you on this.

What if my pet’s passport is not correct?
If you have not provided the correct information or your pet has not had the correct vaccinations then there is the possibility your pet could be quarantined. In some cases this can be for up to 4 months. Also ,you may have to leave your pet behind if a problem is discovered before you leave. Be careful as to the amount of pets you are travelling with. Pet passports can only be used with up to five pets, any more than this and a new set of regulations have to be adhered to.

Beware – the UK could be leaving the European Union very soon and therefore rules are likely to change!

Top Tips For Pet Relocation

We know that pet relocation can be a stressful time for both owner and pet. That’s why we are here to help take some of that stress away! From choosing crates to microchipping your animal – we’ve got it covered!

1. As soon as you know you’re moving find out about your pet’s travel requirements
Some pets may be more difficult to relocate than others, therefore before you start the process its extremely important to find out about the travel requirements of your own pet. For example, not all pets can fly in the cabin or cargo – some pets and breeds cannot fly at all. Your vet can be helpful when travelling with pets who may be more difficult to relocate. A vet will be able to help you assess your options and plan the best course of action.

2. Check the entry requirements for your pet for your new country of residence
Countries have different requirements that they expect from you and your pet to enter. This can get extremely confusing as expectations are unique to the country your pet is travelling to. Therefore, it was vital that you check as soon as possible what these requirements will be. Sometimes it may take a while to get all these documents in order and the list can be quite extensive. For example, pets travelling to Australia need to be microchipped, vaccinated, had a rabies titer test, have an import permit, have a health certificate, treated against internal parasites twice and must have resided in the country continuously since birth or a minimum of 6 months prior to import!

3. Booking your airline – the earlier the better!
Where possible, always try to book a direct flight. This prevents the potential disruption caused to both you and your pet by having to arrange a transfer. Most flights will have a limit on the number of animals they can transport, so it is always better to book sooner rather than later. Additionally, once your flight is booked you can start immediately liaising with the airline about the transportation arrangements with your pet. The earlier this can be done, the more organised and smoother the relocation will be and (hopefully) the less stress you will feel!

4. Contact your vet
Make sure you arrange to meet your vet and discuss your travel plans with them. This is particularly important if your pet is on medication and will need prescriptions in your new country of residence. Most airlines will require documentation from your vet demonstrating your pet is in good health and has had all the required vaccinations to travel or enter another country. Give yourself enough time to make sure you can get this paperwork in order. It’s also a good idea to have the contact details of your vet on hand in case of emergencies as well.

5. Choosing your pet carrier/crate
First make sure you know the size of your pet. Though this may seem obvious, it is vital for your pets’ comfort and safety that you measure them properly and buy a suitably size crate. Your pet should be able to stand up and turn around in it. The crate should have good ventilation and means to secure water and food bowls. Secondly, you must check the requirements of the airline your pet is travelling with. Your pet may have a certain amount of space depending on their size/breed/species and therefore it is very important a crate will fit within this. Airlines can vary in their requirements of crates and carriers and therefore it is essential you check beforehand. The crate you buy also needs to be International Air Transport Association compliant.

6. Pet anxiety
Travelling can be a very anxious time for your pet, particularly if they are travelling long distances and in unfamiliar situations, such as flying. It is therefore, recommended that you allow your pet time to get accustomed to their crate and being locked in it for longer periods of time. Putting a familiar comfort object or favourite toy in the crate can help ease some of their anxiety. However, do not tranquilize your pet, most airlines have policies against it and will not let your animal fly in this state.

7. Ensuring your pet is comfortable
Another way to reduce pet anxiety is ensuring that your pet is going to be comfortable throughout the duration of the trip. Make sure they have had time to run around and go to the toilet before they are put into their crate. This will make them feel more tired and hopefully it’ll easier for them to sleep. Also make sure they have enough food and water that is easily accessible throughout their journey.

8. Identification tags
Make sure that all information on your pet’s identification tags are up to date. This could save a lot of stress and hassle if there were to be a mix up en route.

9. Contact a pet relocation service!
Want the stress of relocating your pet taken away from you? Using a pet relocation service, such as Ferndale Kennels, means that the whole process is taken care of for you. Services that have both expert knowledge and comprehensive facilities means your pet will have a smooth and efficient experience from start to finish. Some services even offer door to door relocation. For more information on the services Ferndale Kennels offers please click here.

Alsatian Claus, arriving from Canada. Very happy and bouncy!
Alsatian Claus, arriving from Canada. Very happy and bouncy!

What is microchipping?

What is microchipping?

Microchipping is a small procedure that inserts a minute microchip into your pet. The microchip is approximately the same size as a grain of rice and is a quick, safe and permanent procedure. The chip is placed just under the skin at the back of your pet’s neck, under their shoulder blades. The procedure causes little discomfort to your pet and usually can be done at the same time your pet is being neutered. A microchip only needs to be implanted once and your pet then has it for life!


Requirements for microchipping?

In the UK, you could face a fine of up to GBP £500 if your dog is not microchipped by the time it is 8 weeks old. Hong Kong also requires that all dogs are microchipped before they enter, and dogs resident over 5m old to be chipped.

There are different chips used in different countries.

For example, in Hong Kong if the microchip does not contain the HK type of AVID 9-digit number required by Hong Kong authorities then your dog will be re-chipped at the airport. This procedure is not required for cats, any type of microchip is ok.


Why is microchipping used?

Microchipping is a quick, safe and simple device/procedure that has successfully reunited thousands of pets with their owners. If your pet was to get lost or stolen, having it microchipped dramatically increases your chances of being able to find them again. If pets are found and taken to a local vet or animal shelter, they will be able to scan your pet’s chip and contact you.

Its used internationally as the surest way of identifying which pet is which and therefore helping correlate the documents with the microchip number and hence the pet.


How does microchipping work?

Your pet’s microchip will contain a unique number that is read on the microchip reader device.

It’s also (often, depending on country) held on a database along with your contact details. Whenever your pet is scanned, your details will appear. Therefore, it is vital that your contact details are kept up to date on the relevant national database in case your pet is lost or stolen. The database your pet is registered with should be alerted if your number, name or address are to change. This is the owner’s responsibility.

Additionally, if a pet’s owner changes the database will need to be updated. Microchipping is not a substitute for your pet wearing a collar and tags. These are prone to falling off but a microchip is permanent.


Who can microchip your pet?

Your local vet or someone chip trained will most likely be able to carry out the procedure for a small fee. Some local animal charities, organisations and authorities may also offer it for free.


How can I find out the details of my pet’s microchip?

If you take your pet along to any vet they will be able to scan your pet’s chip and see the details. Changing the details on your pet’s microchip is not possible, although the record can be changed at the database – you will need to contact directly the database your details are stored on. Your vet will be able to help you do this.


Can a microchip become damaged?

Because of the minute size of the microchip, they are very difficult to damage and also to remove. They are designed to be inserted once and not taken out. However, in very rare cases severe damage to your pet’s back and neck to could also cause damage to your pet’s microchip. On rare occasions microchips may be rejected by your pet’s body. In rare cases we have seen microchips become inactive, but this is incredibly rare.


Can all pets be microchipped?

Many cat and dogs are chipped. But it does not stop there! A whole range of pets can have the procedure done including rabbits, reptiles, birds, rodents and hoses. If in doubt, take your pet to the local vet and they will be able to advise you.

What is a Health Certificate?

What is a Health Certificate?

If you’re planning on your pet travelling to another country then a health certificate may be necessary. Pet health certificates are documentation which allows your pet into different countries without being quarantined. Governments require it, but also so do the airlines, for safety’s sake. To obtain the health certificate your pet will have to be examined be a veterinarian and the certificate will attest that at the time of examination your pet was fit and healthy and of the required standard of health to travel.

The health certificate will also indicate that your pet does not have any illness or infection that have the potential to be passed to other animals (contagious) or people (what are known as zoonotic diseases).

The health certificate examination process could involve your pet being prescribed worming tablets and you may also be required to update or further vaccinate your pet to meet the required standards of the country of destination.

Some vets may also suggest follow-up examinations post-travel to check for any ill-affects travelling may have had on your pet.



Health certificates can vary depending on the country your pet is travelling to; therefore, it is vital you check first what documents you will need to produce.

Some countries do not accept a certain format of health certificate, while others require aspecific type of national document, or additional paperwork to be completed.

Countries like New Zealand, EU, Singapore, Australia have their own specific certificate with different requirements that must be adhered to. There is also a standard International Health Certificate which is used mainly for those travelling across the USA. However, various other countries have now adopted it. Countries in the EU/EEA use both the certificate and the pet passport.

Your pet will not normally be allowed into a country with a health certificate alone, instead the certificate makes up part of the essential documentation needed to allow your pet to safely and easily travel. The dates of which certificates should be obtained by varies from country to country – so again, it is vital to check what requirements your destination has. They can vary from weeks to a couple of days.

Additionally, some countries require certificates to be translated into the native language and will need to be done by a legally recognised translator. This may be particularly true if English is not a widely-used language at your pet’s destination.


The Certificate

The certificate includes very specific information about your pet. While, as previously mentioned, certificates vary from country to country they all include the same basic information.

The certificate will detail what immunisations your pet has had. This is particularly important depending on what entry requirements certain countries have on vaccinations. Certificates will usually also include the following information:

  • Your pet’s name as stated on its passport and other registration documents
  • Your (the owner) name, address and contact details
  • A description of your pet’s appearance e.g. it’s colour, markings, distinctive features
  • Their microchip details
  • Pet breed
  • Your (collection) address
  • Date of birth
  • Information on your pet’s vaccinations including type, batch number and date of immunisation (be aware of the vaccinations that are required by the country your pet is travelling to)
  • A signed declaration by your vet that your pet is fit and healthy to travel, as well as being in overall good health, and that your pet has no diseases or illnesses that have the potential to affect other people or animals


Top Tips

  • Make sure you check your paper work! Everyone makes mistakes; therefore, it is essential to check your vet has signed off all your paperwork accurately with the correct names, dates and numbers. If your paperwork is rejected this could cause serious delay to your pet’s travel arrangements or leave them stranded at an airport or at a quarantine station, or sent back to their port of origin.
  • Start prepping early! Leave yourself plenty of time to get your documentation sorted. Start working with your pet relocator who is researching your destinations documentation, regulations and requirements for your pet as soon as possible to give enough time to organise vet appointments and potential vaccinations or immunisations boosters.


Private Jet Pet Travel

Many people are concerned with international pet travel by having to be separated from their pets, and having to put the dogs or cats in the airplane hold. The concept of traveling in a cage and separated from us? Well most of us put up with this because we understand that relocation is part of the lives we live nowadays for family or for work, and we know the pet move is for the “greater good” and that the veterinary health check beforehand would show up any medical issues.
But with private jet travel this is not necessary, the pets fly in the regular seats with the owners.
In reality, many people who choose private jet option do it for consideration of the pet’s health or separation anxiety issues, rather than planning it as a luxury item.

The exact details will depend on the jet company ownership or management, but normally pets can travel in a private jet inside in a soft bag, or in the owners arms.

Costs are high, unless the journey can be shared with others.

The documentation
Documentation for the pet relocation is the same regardless of commercial airline or private jet.

The check in process
Check in process is easier. Relax in the classy Passenger Lounge while the staff arrange for your passport and documents to be checked.
All documentation needs to be given by Ferndale to the Business Aviation Centre at least a day in advance for checking. Hong Kong Business Aviation Centre (HKBAC) is said to be Asia’s Premier Fixed-Base Operator (FBO) for business aircraft.

Receiving pets on private jet
Appointment needs to be made with the local authority eg AFCD in Hong Kong, to ensure there are staff on hand to check the pets microchip and other documents, when you arrive

Safely and care in the air
Apart from convenience, this is the appeal of private jet. Being together with a pet enables you to reassure them and let them take their medical treatments etc if required.
Private jets are usually designed to climb faster than bigger planes, so they’re above bad weather sooner- so flights are smoother.
They have more advanced air pressure systems than commercial airlines, eg the Gulfstream G650 is pressurised to 3,000 ft/ 914 metres, twice as low as commercial airlines. This low pressure in the cabin reduces fatigue and is less tiring and you can take rest better.

Pricing of pets on private jet
Please contact an aviation company for pricing of the flights. Ferndale will just arrange the documentation at both ends, in order to satisfy the jet company and the Government departments of Importing and Exporting countries.

Crate Training for Travel


Crate training is one of the most important elements to consider when planning a safe pet move. When the pet, either dog or cat, is comfortable in their travel kennel, it will ease the anxiety of both the pet and the owner. There are a few things to take into account when crate training and as such we hope that you will find the information below useful.
Remember to always make the crate training a positive experience and hence the crate should always be associated with positive behaviours and not used as a punishment.

Which crate? …size matters!
Choosing the correct crate is very important. When flying internationally, airlines will have specific requirements so an IATA approved crate is essential. Ferndale will supply crates and deliver them in advance of your pets’ travels to help with the acclimation, if required. The earlier you can provide a crate for your pet to start training the better.

Having the correct size crate is very important for the pets travel comfort. The crate must be well ventilated with room to stand up, lie down and turn around. Too small and it will be uncomfortable but too large and the pet may soil one end of the crate without ruining the bedding which could then encourage future accidents in the crate. Ferndale can arrange a crate of the appropriate size based on the pet measurements that you supply. When measuring the pet, measure the length from nose to the base of the tail, the width across the shoulders and the height from floor to the top of the head (taking account of any standing up ears so that they do not touch the roof of the crate.)

Slow and steady…
Good training takes time and you will do well to gradually ease your pet into the crate without trying to rush things. Training can take days or weeks and very much depends on the temperament, age of the pet and past experience. A gradual introduction will build trust and give the pet a more positive experience, taking away some of the anxiety that a new crate will bring. Training should always be a pleasant experience and done is small doses.
Start by placing just the lower portion of the crate in the living room or other common area that the pet regularly uses. Once the pet is used to the lower portion of the crate, the top can be added and in due course, the door, but try to allow the pet plenty of time to get accustomed to each phase before adding the next piece of the crate.
Home comforts such as a familiar blanket, toys or treats can be placed inside the crate to encourage the pet to go inside to explore and feel at home.
The pet can also be fed inside the crate. Start by putting the food just outside the crate or just inside if the dog is already getting more comfortable inside the crate. Gradually move the food further back as the pet gets more comfortable going in and out of the crate. Try closing the door while the dog is eating and initially open it as soon as the dog finishes. Gradually leave the door closed for a few minutes longer after each meal. If the dog whines, you may have moved ahead to quickly and should go back a stage. However, if the dog continues to whine at this point it will associate the door being opened when it whines so in this case you should wait for the dog to be quiet before letting it out again.


Trial runs for dogs:
Once your dog is relatively comfortable with their crate, try putting the dog in the crate with the door closed while you go out for short periods of time. Gradually extend the time away and hence the length of time spent in the kennel. When you return, always take the dog outside to go to the bathroom so that it will associate bathrooms breaks with being outside and hence will not go inside the crate.
You can also load the crate and the dog into your car to go for short rides, perhaps to a favourite park. This will help your dog have happy, positive experiences when traveling. Rewarding good behaviours with treats, verbal praise and affection will help you win every time!
You can also encourage quiet times and nap times inside the crate when you are home. Always offer treats and praise when your pet enters the crate.

Have patience….
Crate training can take a while but with patience, and lots of praise and rewards, any dog young or old can learn to accept and even love their crate. It will become a “safe place” for your pet when travelling while all around them are strange sounds and smells.
Finally, it is very important to note that the crate should never be used as a punishment. It should be used to encourage peace and happiness, and be a place of security and comfort.

Finally, feel free to contact our team for more details, or come to our facility to see and try out different crate sizes for your pet. Ferndale can deliver crates to your home also.

ISO Microchips

What is a pet Microchip?

A microchip is a small electronic chip wrapped in a glass cylinder that is about the size as a grain of rice.  It’s implanted under pets skin.


What is an ISO Microchip?

ISO chips are special or different in that they are 15 digits long.  ISO refers to the ‘International Standards Organization. These chips are all the same size as other chips, like a large grain of rice. Usually they are implanted in a syringe and needle by a veterinarian, although the AVID chips do also get implanted by AFCD lay staff where necessary eg at HKIA Hong Kong Airport.


Is an ISO chip different to other microchips?

All dogs in Hong Kong require AVID 9 digit chips as part of Hong Kong’s Dog Licence rules and regulations as a matter of trying to prevent and exclude Rabies disease from the country. Some countries require ISO chips, others require iso-compatable chips. Some countries are satisfied with any microchip. Chip type depends on the country requirements.


What is all   the fuss about?

Worldwide pet identification. Pets flying around the world need to be identifiable for biosecurity. This means measures designed to protect the humans population against harmful biological or biochemical substances.

Your dog or cat’s health, what country you live, and the places you travel with your pet, all could cause biosecurity incidents, such as disease outbreaks. Don’t forget Rabies still is transmissible to people from pets, and Children in Africa and India etc die from it each year, as well as thousands of stray dogs and cats.


What is a ISO Microchip used for in pet relocation?

The ISO chips are the type which are recognized most internationally.

As they are only used in Asia for relocation rather than as part of our National Requirements, not all Hong Kong Clinics stock these chips. Please feel free to contact Ferndale Kennels team so we can recommend where you are able to find a veterinarian to implant these.

Of prime importance is their need for their usage for Singapore, and for the EU European Union countries.


Does it hurt to implant a microchip in a dog or cat?

Normally no, as long as the pet stays still and the veterinarian implants it in the correct place under the skin.


Can ISO microchips fail?

it’s rare but very occasionally  microchips can fail and then cant be detected by a scanner.  This can be due to chip malfunction, or the microchip to move out of place. For example the chip could migrate down your dog’s body from activity, over time , or other factors.

Where can I get an ISO microchip locally?

Give us a call at Ferndale and we can tell you where you can get one for your pet, as well as let you know if its required.

Moving to Hong Kong with Pets

Importing dogs and cats into Hong Kong is something Ferndale do on a daily or weekly basis for the last 20 years and so we can advise you on this process.

Additional information can be found on the Hong Kong Government website.


Will my pet go into quarantine on arrival?

Dogs and cats imported from Group III countries (such as Russia, Malaysia, China, anywhere not listed in Group 1 or 2 Categories)  have to do a 4-month quarantine period at the AFCD Animal Management Centre, payable by the owner. There is limited availability so we recommend you to book your pets place at the quarantine facility at least 4 months in advance. If you are coming from a group 1 or 2 country the requirements are easier.


Do I need a permit to import my pets?

Yes, and in addition this need to be applied for in advance. It takes the Government 5 working days from the date of receipt of application and permit fee to the date of issue. The permit is valid for 6 months and will cover the import of one cat or dog. Don’t try to import a pet without it.


What Microchips are used in Hong Kong?

In Hong Kong the Government use the AVID 9 digit chip for mandatory Dog Licensing records. If your dog doesn’t have this chip the AFCD Government staff will mandatory implant it for all dogs over 5 months arriving at the airport. Cats don’t require a chip for staying in Hong Kong although need one (AVID or ISO type) for Health Certificate documents and therefore to enter Hong Kong.


What other documents do I need to bring a pet to Hong Kong?

Please check with our staff (or your veterinarian or pet shipper) for the latest advice. Apart from the import permit, you need the Airline Certificate  (Captain’s Affidavit), as well as the updated Vaccinations Passport or Certificate, and the Health Certificate endorsed by a government vet of the Overseas Country prior to travel.

For comprehensive details on Import Permit requirements please contact our team.


Can pets enter Hong Kong in the cabin or as ‘Excess Baggage?’

All pets arriving in HK need to come as Manifest Cargo at the Cargo terminals.


Can I import a puppy from overseas?

If you want to import a young dog from outside Hong Kong, to arrive under 5 months of age they need to come from a Group 1 country like Australia or UK.


What is a group 2 country?

Austria Bahamas, Bahrain, Belgium, Bermuda, Brunei, Canada, Cayman Island, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Guam, Iceland   , Italy, Jamaica, Luxembourg, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Norway, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Portugal,   Seychelles, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,  The Netherlands,Taiwan, USA (Continental), Vanuatu, Virgin Islands.


What is a Group 1 country with regards to Hong Kong Government laws?

Australia, Fiji, Hawaii, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand and United Kingdom.


What Services can Ferndale do to help with regards to import the pets to Hong Kong and the import permits?

We can offer a Full or bespoke service up to you or your agent’s requirements:

Ferndale can obtain the import license, forward it to you as a pet owner or to an overseas agent, and inform the Agriculture & Fisheries Department of the date of arrival for your pets.

Ferndale can arrange to collect the pets from the Airline, clear government departments (AFCD, Customs etc)  from the cargo terminal and deliver to your residential premises.

We can provide boarding services if you will arrive a period of time after your pet, and any other services you may require in the interim.

Rabies Neutralising Antibody Tests (RNAT)

For some countries, the governments require a RNAT test prior to travel. This is a Rabies Neutralising Antibody Titre Test.

Feel free to contact us to discuss the detailed requirements.  Ferndale use and offer the internationally recognised rabies test (sometimes referred to as a RNATT test) which is accepted for pet travel throughout the world.

Can Ferndale arrange the RNAT?

We can help arrange this RNAT blood test with your vet, or with our partner veterinary services.

The blood is collected from a dog or cat by the veterinarian, and then its centrifuged to collect the serum. It’s the serum sample that has to be sent overseas to an approved Veterinary Laboratory. We tend to use Labs in the United Kingdom for testing samples to an approved international standard. The local Hong Kong laboratories are not approved for this process.


What is a RNAT?

This is a Rabies virus assay. It is used to detect rabies virus neutralizing antibody (level of rabies serum in the blood stream) after vaccination.


Why is RNAT necessary and used?

A blood titer test for pet dogs and cats is required by many countries in order for dogs and cats to qualify for a reduced quarantine period or no quarantine at all when they are traveling from qualified areas. Rabies is a zoonotic disease and many thousands of people still die from it every year Globally.


RNAT test paperwork details

It is important that the microchip number, blood sampling date, and all other details is consistent between the RNAT test laboratory report and the other paperwork like vaccination cards or other documents.


What countries require the RNAT?

Please contact us for additional information, it includes Australia and New Zealand, Singapore, Taiwan, and Japan, and others.


My pet failed the blood test, what do we do?

A small number of animals do fail the first blood test. In these cases we would recommend that the animal is given a booster rabies vaccination and another blood sample is taken later. This failure rate depends on when the last vaccine was done, ie the antibody levels.


Rabies Express Service

Yes we have an option of being able to send out serum for express fast results, with one of the overseas labs; this aims to achieve a maximum turnaround time of 3 working days from sample receipt by the Laboratory. This service is designed specifically for urgent samples and is on request only. We always use the fastest courier service and with a tracking code for peace of mind of where the samples are.